Excavations at Tell Ramad on the outskirts of the city have shown that Damascus was inhabited as early as 8000 to 10,000 Based on this finding, Damascus is considered to be among the oldest continually inhabited cities in the world.
Damascus appears in the historical record with the arrival of the Aramaeans, Semitic nomads who came from the Arabian peninsula.
The city has some 125 monuments from different periods of its history—one of the most spectacular is the eighth-century Great Mosque of the Umayyads, built on the site of an Assyrian sanctuary.
The key criteria for its selection as a World Heritage site, were that Damascus: Damascus lies about 50 miles inland from the Mediterranean Sea, sheltered by the Anti-Lebanon Mountains. The old city of Damascus, enclosed by the city walls, lies on the south bank of the Barada River.
'History would judge us all extraordinarily harshly if we turned a blind eye to a dictator,' Kerry insisted. Kerry has said he is confident that Congress will give Obama its backing for an attack against Syria, but the former Massachusetts senator also said the president has authority to act on his own if Congress doesn't give its approval. A debate is scheduled Wednesday on taking action on Syria, as President François Hollande has come under increasing pressure to seek legislative approval for joining the U. Having announced over the weekend that he will seek congressional approval for military strikes against the Assad regime, the Obama administration is now trying to rally support among Americans and their elected representatives.
The Fijeh spring, west along the Barada valley, provides the city with drinking water.
While President Barack Obama has softened his military threat against Syria by putting the question to Congress and guaranteeing at least a week's delay, Kerry remains outspoken about the dangers posed by the Syrian regime. S., France and the UK was reduced to a bilateral affair on Thursday, as Britain's parliament shot down Prime Minister David Cameron’s request for involvement in a strike against Assad.
During a passionate speech in Washington last Friday, he called Assad a 'thug and murderer,' and urged the world to act. assistance has been a 'drop in the sea of humanitarian need' and that the funding gap is 'very, very wide.' He says international donors have sent less than one-third of the money needed to help those displaced by the war. On Saturday evening, centrist UDI party leader Jean-Louis Borloo insisted that 'like the U. Elisabeth Guigou, president of the foreign affairs committee in France's National Assembly, said Monday that – told France info: Ayrault planned to show MPs 'evidence the attack took place and that it could only have been the regime who were behind it.'Referring to Obama's famous statement that the use of chemical weapons in Syria would cross a red line, Mc Cain said: 'He didn't say, "It's a red line - and by the way I'm going to have to seek the approval of Congress." He said it was a red line, and that the United States of America would act.'Obama is hoping Congress's most intractable foreign policy hawks will help sell the idea of U. military intervention in Syria to a nation already deeply scarred by more than a decade of war in the Middle East.
In the later twentieth century, some of the main areas of development were to the north, in the western Mezze district, and, most recently, along the Barada valley in Dumar in the northwest and on the slopes of the mountains at Berze in the northeast.
Poorer areas, often built without official approval, have mostly developed south of the main city.